Bearing Oil and Grease Life Study
How can we estimate and predict the lube life of the products we use in the cars we service. Well, we all understand the principles of friction. Heat and contaminants are the biggest enemies of bearing grease and oil. think of all the components that need lube, from bearings to internal Engine Component Parts. in Bearings there are three types of lubricants: Synthetic oils, mineral oils and grease. Synthetics last longer at elevated temperatures. Many have special low temperature and low flammability properties. Many also have properties that tend to absorb water (hydrolysis), but this excellent feature also tends to shorten the life of most phosphates, silicates and ester synthetic oils. I hope I am not losing anyone here.
But this is important so please stay with me. Avoiding hydrolysis can be achieved with special additives, desiccated air or filtration with activated alumina or clay based fullers Earth. what kinds of Synthetic and mineral oils exist? Silicones, Alkyl silicates, alkyl phosphates, mineral oils, Polyglycols, Polyphenyl ethers, Silicones, Poly Esters, Synthetic hydrocarbons and Diesters.
Mineral oil deteriorate quickly when they oxidize or react chemically with dissolved oxygen. this increases the oil acidity causing varnish looking deposits, this shortens bearing life. Additives can extend oil life by interrupting oxidation chain reactions. you can increase coverage by adding additives as this process takes place. How do you know when to change it? you can test it electrochemically, micro scale oxidation test, differential thermal analysis, or high-pressure differential scanning calorimetry. Grease contains thickening material additives and also contains oil, either synthetic or mineral? A grease can fail once 1/2 of its oil content is gone. in this case noise from the bearing will alert you. A good book to read on this subject is Applied Tribiology-Bearing Design and Lubrication
CREATION OF ANIMATE FROM INANIMATE: – we have touched upon some scientific dry wells and frauds already. The idea of cold fusion and perpetual motion that the Utah researchers may not have achieved was just dealt with: but a recent report showing a Utah student using Farnsworth’s old designs is another example that makes me think Cold Fusion is going to be a reality. Chaos is the operating fact of the universe that does actually adapt and create or mutate through qualitative and quantitative leaps according to the Russian (Check out the new Frontier people who have a site on the web.) and mystical scientific paradigm-thinking. Thus many of the normal behavioral observations can only explain part of the day to day ‘reality’. A few decades ago science generated proteins from apparent nothingness and declared they had created life from inanimate. This concept and experiment was partially replicable and became touted and taught throughout all schools, but it was less than what it was represented to be in the final analysis. NASA now pronounces there is life everywhere including interstellar vacuums. Microbes are not the only reason for this truth.
Just as there are archetypes in our minds the equivalent templates of knowledge exist in the ‘ether’ or ‘cosmic soup’. together and inclusive of all knowledge we get the Universal Mind or Harmonic Convergence. these things are shallow images of what really can be done with joined effort of mind and soul through the attunement of adept practitioners and observers of nature. The Jewish ‘Golem’ is supposedly able to invest the soul of a dead person into the fashioned earth and matter that the Rabbis or other magicians work with. The alchemist’s ‘homonunclus’, and gargoyles being brought to life by Kafka: legends abound in many cultural settings. The possibility of such an act of creation is more mind-blowing to any rational person than even the focusing of dimensional forces. how could one actually tap their genetic knowledge to cause any form of life to exist. Yet it would appear mere science can create some rudimentary building blocks and that energy can be directed through super conscious latticeworks that retain information much as the silicon computer chip or digitized quantum bits of cognized information. The one dimensional harmonic forces of String Theory that combine to form membranes and other 11-dimensional realities are quite reminiscent of the concepts of animating and transmuting the form of matter (which is just lower level or dross energy).
The amount of time that man has been aware and creatively focused on attunement is far longer than the time he has been fixed on power and material greed. it didn’t require writing it down. In fact it isn’t very easy to explain how chaos or creation works by any scientist who can demonstrate the mathematical formula. Yes, we see there are eloquent images and fancy terminologies. What the formula can do is still largely unproven in terms of what the apparent potential might yield. Man is on the verge of being able to create and have robots to create as self-replicants and restructuring of wood or other energy into food or gold. This is the expected near future outcome with nanotechnology and ‘replicators’ much like the Star Trek images have brought us for many years.
Bucky Fuller called it creative realization and said that anything we can imagine is achievable through our acceptance and focused intention. he was saying it in dry and often scientific or even incomprehensible language but he is right. so we can say that ‘survival of the fittest’ is a rude natural fact that ‘creation’ can alter and surpass. The ancient ideals of Godheads and akashic or other direct cognition are worth exploration because the world of ‘seems to be’ is really what ever we can create. Hopefully my nave perception about RIGHT THOUGHT=RIGHT ACTION from the laws of the Magi is an operating principle.
Did Mungo Man’s line of humans go wrong? how much of these things did they learn? Did they teach some of our kind to do some of these things? if ‘fittest’ can be conceived with a God-like PURPOSE and there truly is an effort of all energy to harmonize and find the most creative application (or happiness) then we are in for some fantastic voyages of splendiferous ‘reality’ Can these images of heaven on earth really come about? Or will our ethical malaise ensure old line greed overtakes a universe of possibilities. Science already gives a power to do many things which in the hands of certain people generates a great deal of concern. Was it John Donne who said if one man suffers we all are diminished? The natural ways that energy and its consciousness form and weave matter are the subject of observers in science once again. Dr. Don Robbins is a solid state chemist whose work I truly appreciate. In the following excerpts from an article titled ‘Nanotubes for Electronics’ from Dec. 2000′s Scientific American please imagine how these naturally occurring objects occur if there is no consciousness in matter, and remember the ancients did have lenses for telescopes and microscopes.
Nearly 10 years ago Sumio Iijima, sitting at an electron microscope at the NEC Fundamental Research Laboratory in Tsukaba, Japan, first noticed odd nanoscopic threads lying in a smear of soot. made of pure carbon, as regular and symmetric as crystals, these exquisitely thin, impressively long macromolecules soon became known as nanotubes And even if the ancients didn’t have adequate microscopes the existence of these fits with the science of lattices and energy we can measure in Stonehenge and the kings chamber of the Great Pyramid. they were able to attune with it., and they have been the object of intense scientific study ever since.
Just recently, they have become a subject for engineering as well. Many of the extraordinary properties attributed to nanotubes–among them, superlative resilience, tensile strength and thermal stability–have fed fantastic predictions of microscopic robots, dent-resistant car bodies and earthquake-resistant buildings The poured in place concrete in Peru with angled rocks that ‘fit’ like the Great Pyramid?. The first products to use nanotubes, however, exploit none of these. instead the earliest applications are electrical. Some General Motors cars already include plastic parts to which nanotubes were added; such plastic can be electrified during painting so that the paint will stick more readily And be made smooth and even through the use of a laser measuring application.. And two nanotube-based lighting and display products are well on their way to market.
In the long term, perhaps the most valuable applications will take further advantage of nanotubes’ unique electronic properties. Carbon nanotubes can in principle play the same role as silicon does in electronic circuits, but at a molecular scale where silicon and other standard semiconductors cease to work. although the electronics industry is already pushing the critical dimensions of transistors in commercial chips below 200 nanometers (billionths of a meter)–about 400 atoms wide–engineers face large obstacles in continuing this miniaturization. Within this decade, the materials and processes on which the computer revolution has been built will begin to hit fundamental physical limits. Still, there are huge economic incentives to shrink devices further, because the speed, density and efficiency of microelectronic devices all rise rapidly as the minimum feature size decreases. Experiments over the past several years have given researchers hope Remember the bio-ram devices coming from Oak Ridges research, will meld wonderfully here. that wires and functional devices tens of nanometers or smaller in size could be made from nanotubes and incorporated into electronic circuits that work faster and on much less power than those existing today.
The first carbon nanotubes that Iijima observed back in 1991 were so-called multiwalled tubes: each contained a number of hollow cylinders of carbon atoms nested inside one another like Russian dolls. Two years later Iijima and Donald Bethune of IBM independently created single-walled nanotubes that were made of just one layer of carbon atoms. Both kinds of tubes are made in similar ways, and they have many similar properties– the most obvious being that they are exceedingly narrow and long. The single-walled variety, for example, is about one nanometer in diameter but can run thousands of nanometers in length.
What makes these tubes so stable is the strength with which carbon atoms bond to one another, which is also what makes diamond so hard. In diamond the carbon atoms link into four-sided tetrahedra, Bucky Fuller’s Synergistics gives detailed insight into structures that has led to a new element being named after him, the Fullerene. His icosahedra and the fact of the Pyramid having two perfectly formed tetrahedra in it leads to creation of delta wave forms out of the cosmic energy. but in nanotubes the atoms arrange themselves in hexagonal rings like chicken wire. One sees the same pattern in graphite, and in fact a nanotube looks like a sheet (or several stacked sheets) of graphite rolled into a seamless cylinder. it is not known for certain how the atoms actually condense into tubes (see Zap, Bake or Blast, on page 67), but it appears that they may grow by adding atoms to their ends Remember the effect of palladium type noble metals from the entry on cancer cures. it is also connected to telomeres which cap the DNA strands and are so important to stopping aging., much as a knitter adds stitches to a sweater sleeve.
TUBES WITH A TWIST
However they form, the composition and geometry of carbon nanotubes engender a unique electronic complexity. That is in part simply the result of size, because quantum physics governs at the nanometer scale as above, so Below-is the law of the magi that applies and make sense of chaos when fully appreciated, or as much as anyone can.. but graphite itself is a very unusual material. Whereas most electrical conductors can be classified as either metals or semiconductors, graphite is one of the rare materials known as a semimetal Calcium and brushite were used in some circumstances we have mentioned., delicately balanced in the transitional zone between the two. by combining graphite’s semimetallic properties with the quantum rules of energy levels and electron waves, carbon nanotubes emerge as truly exotic conductors. we will cover copper more in divining rods and the use of natural conductors, that attenuate with such things as water. Pendulums are part of nature’s antennae as well. The article has an illustration or photo of a nanotube channel and a comment that says in part – Electrically conductive macromolecules of carbon that self-assemble into tubes are being tested as ultrafine wires and as channels in experimental field-effect transistors.
For example, one rule of the quantum world is that electrons behave like waves as well as particles, and electron waves can reinforce or cancel one another Thus more perfect crystalline structures created in space vacuum conditions like Skylab, are truly able to function with less chaos.. as a consequence, an electron spreading around a nanotube’s circumference can completely cancel itself out; thus, only electrons with just the right wavelength remain. (8)
What can I say? There is so much to know and it is good to have the quantum world to tell us how little we really know, rather than the incessant certainty of other academic disciplines. Under the ‘Zap, Bake or Blast section of this article they say something that should allow the reader to make more sense of the ‘heating and cooling’ that were noted regarding the alchemists work, as well as the ‘buckyballs’ or Fullerenes that I mentioned in one of my constant interruptions that seek to integrate the knowledge we are exploring.
Sumio Iijima may have been the first to see a nanotube, but he was undoubtedly not the first to make one. In fact, Neanderthals may have made minuscule quantities of nanotubes, unwittingly, in the fires that warmed their caves What about Mungo Man? And Neanderthals worshipped in caves as much as anyone ever lived in them at these times. This is another slight example of our egoistic put down of previous humans. There are people homeless in cities living under bridges who would love the security and comfort of a cenote. In fact, a cenote is a very spiritual place that sometimes has hot springs or cold streams. they are quite wonderful. In Xcaret, Mexico they have recreated a Mayan village outside a system of these cenotes. This same place has porpoises you can ride and tells the story of how they came from the early wolf-like creatures of the land.. Split by heat, carbon atoms recombine however they can in soot, some in amorphous blobs but others in soccerball-shaped spheres called buckyballs or in long cylindrical capsules called buckytubes or nanotubes. (9)
Bucky couldn’t ‘truck with’ education and though they tried to make it easy for him after he had already proven himself, he dropped out. His work as a teacher at Princeton University brought him in touch with Einstein and the story of how Bucky’s first book was published is a classic in publishing ‘expert’ myopia. The editor said he had shown his work to those who knew Einstein’s theory and they agreed Bucky didn’t know what he was talking about. Einstein intervened to point out to the publisher that Bucky was one of a handful who knew his work and that his insight was correct. His attunements and meditations created numerous very important things and we all could be a lot more like him. I love Bucky but, I really can’t quote him very much because his ‘teleologic’ presentation and word usage is beyond most people, SO I’m not surprised the editor and his ‘experts’ were SO befuddled.
In 1814, with Michael Faraday truly a great metaphysician and attuned researcher who sensed the field of ‘cosmic soup’., he analyzed diamond by combustion and concluded that it was pure carbon. Because graphite was also known to be pure carbon, this meant there were two types of carbon, each with different physical properties. Davy’s discovery of the allotropy of carbon meant that graphite and diamond existed in two different crystal forms, even though this could not possibly be explained on the basis of Dalton’s spherical atoms. by now, Davy was convinced that there were indeed many different kinds of atoms, other than Dalton’s an alchemist who had to fight against so-called hermeneuts while alive, in order to hide his own alchemical nature.. Faraday was a poor boy who worked as a bookbinder’s apprentice. Eventually Faraday far outshone Davy, which Davy on occasion resented. (10)
The history writers who Hellenized all knowledge and are presented as if they discovered it all, like Thales (born to a Phoenician parent like Pythagoras); were able to make many later academics believe that only what survived in writing was known. it is becoming evident to many scholars that the knowledge curve that makes for such sudden growth in ideas is ridiculous; but nevertheless it is rare to pick up a book or article where you don’t see the author indicating knowledge didn’t exist until far later than common sense and reason dictates. it will be harder to maintain this lunacy now that we know how much more ancient humans really are. so we must understand this when we see Mr. Salzberg writing as a chemist or for the Chemical Association that they are subject to the same history. it is good for people to see the Greeks understood chaos and atomics to a certain extent, nonetheless. it is also important to remember that secrets (including smelting and earlier weapons-making through meteorite hammering) were almost never described except between trusted allies or family members.
There were, of course, other theories, most notably the atomic theory of Leucippos (c. 440B.C.) and Democritos (460-c.370B.C.), later modified by Epicouros (341-270B.C.) and Lucretius (c.95-55B.C.). According to their atomic theory, there was only one substance Such as the one-dimensional harmonic force of String Theory., the prime matter, which existed in the form of changeless, indestructible, indivisible atoms of different sizes and shapes, moving back and forth randomly with nothing between them, in effect moving in a vacuum. (11)
C60 molecules, or buckyballs, can stack together to form a solid. These solid particles have been detected for the first time in space. Image: NASA/JPL-Caltech. Buckyballs exist on Earth such as in the gas escaping from a burning candle,
C60 molecules, or buckyballs, can stack together to form a solid. These solid particles have been detected for the first time in space. Image: NASA/JPL-Caltech. Buckyballs exist on Earth such as in the gas escaping from a burning candle,
Before doctors were able to remove the Buckyballs, the magnets had torn holes in 3-year-old Payton Bushnell's lower intestine and stomach.
The girl apparently swallowed the Buckyballs because they "look[ed] like what we put on Christmas cookies," her mother told Portland's KPTV. But Buckyballs — marketed as "powerful rare-earth magnets" — are not edible.
A 3-year-old girl in Portland, Oregon is recovering after undergoing surgery to remove 37 'Buckyballs' magnets she had swallowed. Oregon's KPTV reported.
Buckyballs are a form of elemental carbon in recent discoveries. Due to the nature of its arrangement, atom clusters form a structure which closely resembles a soccer ball, complete with facets. In trying to name it, the scientists decided to pay homage to a famous architect who used to design structures which struck a close resemblance to this carbon form.
What are buckyballs used for in this day and age? One of its most common uses is in the nanotube technology. By its name, you can guess that this is technology dealing with very minute measurements. this technology demonstrates unique capabilities in terms of high electrical and thermal conductivity. since the atoms are tightly knitted together and separated by a hair’s breadth in nano terms, they possess great strength. Due to the many facets surrounding each nanotube, it has a very high surface area. With all these combined properties, these carbon nanotubes emerge as the next best alternatives to super and semi-conductors as well as full conductors such as metals.
In further studies regarding our planet’s history, its biological and geological elements can be explored through the use of buckyballs as every life form stems from carbon. Due to an internal hollow sphere within each buckyball, gases or other elements trapped within gives cause to study what the planet was like eons back. Studies have also extended beyond the planet into discovered meteorites and carbon properties they hold within.
In a more practical sense, what are buckyballs used for? Research work has gone into using these buckyballs in the medical field., As mentioned earlier, buckyballs have these elements have a strong structure. As such, certain drugs can be attached to them. these buckyballs function as drug carriers and are then administered into patients as part of a drug treatment procedure for specific diseases. these elements are also used in medical diagnostics. By introducing certain contrast indicators to be stored within the hollow void of buckyballs, they are then administered into patients. Due to the same principle of structural integrity, hazards of using these contrast materials are supposedly reduced as they are encased within the strong walls of the buckyballs. Significant advancements of buckyballs in the medical field are certainly worth the investment in research work.
Another year has rushed by us and with a blink we are at the door step of 2010. This coming year as with the last and the next we will be put in the position of looking for the most suitable products and learning toys for our children.
In the past we may have forgone purchasing some of the newer educational toys and instead choosing an older style but proven toy or game such as building blocks or another type of wooden toy. This is always a safe option, better the devil you know. and these toys are great, there’s no doubting that.
In 2010 and onwards as technology increases and the number of educational products suitable for children grow as well as the demand for high quality and unique toys and games. these products are designed in a way that without noticing the children are being stimulated and their abilities tested this creating entertainment for them and satisfying our need for their development. Educational toys like the Diego toys (go-diego-go) 4 in a box Jigsaw Puzzles kit which contains 4 different puzzles each has progressively more pieces starting at 12 pieces and progressing through 16, 20 and finally 24 pieces, as well as being of high quality and being illustrated beautifully they are made from recycled board which is good for the environment.
In 2010 look for the best children’s educational toys that are both a bit different and provide the same level of stimulation as an older style toy and your kids will love you for it.
Sears, Belk, J.C. Penney, more than 60 specialty stores, food court. Interstate 85, Exit 58, Concord.
Belk, Dillard’s, Macy’s, Sears, J.C. Penney, REI, Barnes & Noble, over 130 specialty stores. Interstate 485 Exit 64B, Pineville.
NASCAR SpeedPark, T.J. Maxx, Saks fifth Avenue off 5th outlet, Bass Pro Shops Outdoor World, best Buy, Burlington Coat Factory, 24-screen AMC theater, nearly 200 other stores, restaurants and entertainment venues. I-85, Exit 49, Concord.
Belk, J.C. Penney, Sears. U.S. 74 East, at 2115 W. Roosevelt Blvd., Monroe.
Belk, Dillard’s, Macy’s, Dick’s Sporting Goods, Borders, 14-screen AMC theater, plus 150 stores and restaurants. Interstate 77, Exit 18 and W.T. Harris Blvd., Charlotte.
Belk, J.C. Penney, Sears. I-77, Exit 79.
Belk, J.C. Penney, Sears. I-77, Exit 50, Statesville.
Belk, Dillard’s, Macy’s, Neiman Marcus, Nordstrom, Dick’s Sporting Goods and upscale specialty stores, including the newly opened Container Store. 4400 Sharon Road, at Fairview Road, Charlotte.
Belk, Dillard’s, J.C. Penney, Sears. 1960 U.S. 70 S.E., off Interstate 40, Exit 125, Hickory.
Belk, Dillard’s, J.C. Penney, Sears. I-85, Exit 20, new Hope Road, Gastonia.